Archive for the ‘Stair / History’ Category

An Céad Dáil – The First Dáil

Tuesday, January 20th, 2009
The Sinn Fein members elected in the December 1918 election at the first Dail Eireann meeting, called by Sinn Fein on January 21, 1919. Shown are (from l to r): 1st row: L. Ginell, Michael Collins (leader of the Irish Republican Army), Cathal Brugha, Arthur Griffiths (founder of Sinn Fein), Eamon de Valera (president of the Irish Republic), Count E. MacNeill, William Cosgrave and E. Blythe; 2nd row: P. Maloney, Terence McSwiney (Lord Mayor of Dublin), Richard Mulcahy, J. O'Doherty, J. O'Mahony, J. Dolan, J. McGuinness, P. O'Keefe, Michael Staines, McGrath, Dr. B. Cussack, L. de Roiste, W. Colivet and the Reverend Father Michael O'Flanagan (vice-president of Sinn Fein); 3rd row: P. War, A. McCabe, D. Fitzgerald, J. Sweeney, Dr. Hayes, C. Collins, P. O'Maillie, J. O'Mara, B. O'Higgins, J. Burke and Kevin O'Higgins; 4th row: J. McDonagh and J. McEntee; 5th row: P. B 1919 Ireland

An Céad Dáil Éireann - the First Dáil Éireann, 90 years ago tomorrow the 21st of January

Lot’s going on and lots of talk debate around the 90th anniversary of the First Dáil. RTE radio have a series of programmes commemorating the anniversary with one in particular How Macroom Remembers aired yesterday being of particular interest to myself.

The 21st January marks the 90th anniversary of the first Dáil in Ireland. RTÉ Radio 1’s Documentary on One has made a documentary that looks at how the tumultuous events of 1919 to 1923 are remembered in Macroom and its hinterland.

You can download the the programme directly here. It was recorded around the time of the Kilmichael commemoration last year and has a few excerpts from the day itself. Of course you can download the full speech and see more pics from Kilmichael 2008 here.

Thomas Davis Lectures – Creating The Dáil

To commemorate the 90th anniversary of the First Dáil we are re-broadcasting a ten part Thomas Davis Lecture series entitled Creating the Dáil first broadcast in 1994.

The boys over at éirígí staged a high profile PR stunt much to the embarrassment of the blue heelers.

éirígí activists today (Tuesday) breached tight security at Dublin’s historic Mansion House to deliver a message directly to the Twenty-Six County political establishment.

As hundreds of elected representatives and other dignitaries gathered inside the building, two activists succeeded in unfurling a giant banner from the roof.

As the out-manoeuvred Gardaí scrambled into action, the banner’s message hung from the roof of the Mansion House for all to see – “90 YEARS ON – NO CLOSER TO FREEDOM – END THE OCCUPATION!â€? [youtube][/youtube]

Some more on-line coverage of the anniversary
The Cedar Lounge Revolution
The Irish Times
The Connolly Column

Kilmichael 2008

Sunday, January 18th, 2009

Kilmichael 2008

Declan Kearney - Kilmichael commemoration 2008

After the complete washout in 2006 and having missed out on the 2007 commemoration i was looking forward to the 2008 Kilmichael ambush commemoration and to be fair Declan Kearney, the guest speaker, didn’t disappoint

You can download Declan’s speach here (.caf 46MB) (downloaded times) in CAF format (needs Quicktime to play).

I could only convert the first 16mins of his 24min speach from CAF to mp3 so ill post up the mp3 version for download as soon as i converted the lot.

If you want more info on the ambush or even take a virtual tour of the ambush site visit the Coppeen Archaeological, Historical and Cultural Society site or archive.

Article in An Phoblacht entitled Political unity and a new standard of patriotism published after the 2008 commemoration.

Poem written by Bobby Sands in memory of Tom Barry after Barry passed away in 1980.

For Barry’s soul we prayed in hell
Pathetic creatures adorned in pain
And we never heard his requiem bell
But our own — in torture’s livid strain.

In the southern realms of Munster world
The humble whin bush sway
Shedding yellow tears like child
For a legend passed away.

And they blow down lanes of time gone by
O’er Crossbarry and Kilmicheal grave
And resurrect a battle cry
‘With Barry, boys be brave!’

In dusky light, by mist, o’er hills they tread
A column on the run
The ghosts of fighters long since dead
Yet n’er at rest, their guns still slung.

Now Barry leads them in the night
Hardy souls of Cork Brigade
To tramp the glens to morning light
When their ghostly forms shall fade.

And we prayed tonight for Barry’s rest
Would Barry e’er be free
As he tramps across old Munster’s breast
To blind eternity.

And in darkened shadows, ‘neath prison bars
The hags of torture wave
But we hear a voice that is of ours
‘With Barry, boys be brave!’

Picture 103 Picture 102 Picture 101 Picture 100 Picture 099 Picture 098 Picture 097 Picture 096

Related posts and DL’s on AGH
- Comóradh Wolf Tone (Bodenstown 2007)
- Oration given by Gerry Adams at Bodenstown 2007 (.wav 18MB)
(downloaded times)
- Luíochán Cúl na Cathrach

Comóradh Wolf Tone (Bodenstown 2007)

Wednesday, June 27th, 2007
Bodenstown 2007

Bhí lá mór amugh i Bodenstown Dé Domhnaigh seo caite. Suas le cupla cead duine, ceol, máirseáil, caint agus speech-aling!

Is feidir leat an óráid a thug Gerry Adams le hais uaigh Wolf Tone a íoslódáil Anseo. (.wav 18MB)

You can download the graveside oration given by Gerry Adams at this years commemoration Here. (.wav 18MB)

(íoslódáilthesaitheithesithe uair)
(downloaded times)

Proceedings of the Old Bailey (1674 to 1834)

Thursday, June 14th, 2007

I’ve got to credit popbitch for this link but with this new site you can search through thousands of criminal trials held at London’s central criminal court between 1674 an 1834. It makes for some interesting reading. I’ve been looking for the more famous cases that would have taken place between these dates but no luck yet. I have however found a few crazy and weird cases, the case of “Francis Buckley, breaking the peace : vagabonding, 28th August, 1695″ for example.

“Francis Buckley of the Parish of St. Mary Islington, was likewise Indicted for Felony, for that he being above the Age of 14 years, was seen to wander up and down from the 10th of June to the 12th following, calling and counterfeiting himself to be an Egyptian . The Evidence for the King was very positive, that they did hear him say he was an Egyptian, and king of the Egyptians. He was taken in a Barn, at Hampstead, covered over with Straw, and two Egyptian Women sitting upon him; and they being made to rise, they discovered his Legs, and so pulled him out of the Straw. There was found upon him a Pistol, with a Scinsteer, and Rich…… He had a Mare likewise hard by that was worth 20l. The Prisoner had little to say, but that he never declared he was an Egyptian. The Evidence fully proving it against him, he was found guilty of Felony.”

The verdict Guilty and sentence, death!!

The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, London 1674 to 1834

Cath Chéim an Fhia #2

Wednesday, May 31st, 2006

Cath Chéim an Fhia

I’ve been getting a good few referrals from people searching ‘Cath Chéim an Fhia’. So here is another account by Tadhg Ó Suibhne on the events that later became knows as Cath Chéim an Fhia (the Battle of Keimaneigh), 1822.

Cath Chéim an Fhiaidh (Scéal John Smith)
le Tadhg Ó Suibhne

Um an dtaca seo is dócha go bhfuil gach éinne tar éis an cloch mór a fheiscint thuas ag barr an Chéama, an cloch leis an dá leac air. Tá pictiúir de i dteannta an ailt seo. Tá sé scríofa ar an leac seo gur maraíodh triúr des na Buachaillí Bána agus saighdiúir amháin. John smith ab ainm don saighdiúir seo agus bhí scéal ana shuimiúil ag baint leis. Chun an scéal a thuiscint i gceart níor mhiste cur síos ar cé a bhí páirteach ann. Is dócha go raibh aithne ag gach éinne ar Shéamus Walsh ó Túirín Dubh, bhuel Ritchie ab ainm d’athair Shéamuis, agus Séamus Mór ab ainm do shean-athair Ritchie.

Bhí Séamus Mór mar chaptaoin nó mar cheannaire de shaghas éigin ar na Buachaillí Bána áitiúla agus bhí easpa arm agus amuinisiúin orthu. Do mheasadar an cheist sin a réiteach le cuaird a thabhairt ar thig Thighearna Beanntraí agus airm agus rl. a thógaint “saor in aisce” mar a déarfá. Do dheineadar san agus d’éirigh maith go leor leo, ach bhí eagla orthu go mbeadh tuairim ag múintir Bheanntraí gur anseo go Béal Ã?tha’n Ghaorthaidh a thiocfadh na h-airm. Mar sin do shocraíodar le Buachaillí Bána Bheanntraí dá bhfeicidís na saighdiúirí ag fágaint Beanntraí go raghadh an duine ba ghiorra don tsráid in áirde ar chnocán agus go ligfeadh sé liú as. Ansan dhéanfadh an Buachaill Bán ba ghiorra dó san an rud céanna ar a chnocán féin, agus mar sin leo go dtí go shroichfeadh an liú Uibh Laoghaire. Nós an scéil do leanadar leis an liú go dtí gur shroich sé Carraig an Ime. B’shin é “an liú gur leath i bhfad i gcéin” atá san amhrán..

Do shroich na saighdiúirí an dúthaigh seo i bhfad níos tapúla ná mar a cheap na Buachaillí Bána a thoicfaidís mar do bhíodar ar muin capaill agus dheineadar díreach fé dhéin tigh Cheallacháin thuas i gCloch Bharrach. Bhí sé beartaithe acu an tigh a dhó agus fear an tighe a losgadh ina bheathaidh. Do theip san orthu mar bhí na Buachaillí Bána ag bailiú le chéile taobh thuas díobh, timpeall Túirín na nÉan agus mar sin siar agus bhí eagla ar na saighdiúirí dul níos sia soir. Do dhruideadar siar i dtreo an Chéama agus bhí an dá dream ag caitheamh le na chéile fan na h-aimsire. Bhí scáth na gclathach ag na Buachaillí Bána agus dá bhrí san ní raibh ag éirí go maith leis na saighdiúirí. Fé dheire d’fhág duine des na saighdiúirí a cháirde agus mheas sé go bhféadfadh sé teacht aniar aduaidh ar na Buachaillí Bána. Níor éirigh leis áfach, mar bhí Séamus Mór Breathnach ag feitheamh leis, agus bhí coimhlint cruaidh eatarthu. I ndeire na dála do mhairbh Séamus an saighdiúir – b’shin é John Smith.

Níor fhan na saighdiúirí eile i bhfad timpeall na háite ina dhiaidh san, d’imíodar leo thar nais go Beanntraí. Le titim na hoíche do bhailigh na Buachaillí Bána le chéile agus do chuireadar Smith i bpoll portaigh taobh thiar den Túirín Dubh, ar an dtaobh theas den bóthar. Sin é an chúis go dtugtar Droichidín Smith ar an ndroichead beag atá thiar ansan fé láthair.

Bhí buachaill aimsire ó thigh na mBúrcach ag faire ar na Buachaillí Bána nuair a chuireadar Smith sa phort agus bhí eagla orthu go ndéanfadh sé spiarracht orthu. Mar sin do thánadar le chéile oíche eile chun an corp a aistriú go dtí áit éigin eile. Bhí an oíche ana dhorcha agus theip glan orthu an poll ceart a aimsiú. Fé dheire chaitheadar dul siar go tigh na mBuarcach agus an garsún a thógaint as a leaba. Fuair an garsún an áit ceart gan aon trioblóid in aon chor. Do thógadar leo an corp ó thuaidh trasna an chnoic go dtí Muing na Biorraí. Do bhaineadar a chuid éadaigh go léir de agus chuireadar lom nocht isteach i bpoll portaigh é tar éis súgán a cheangal dá mhuinéal agus cloch ar an súgán chun an corp a choiméad ag tón poill Ach do réir deabhraimh d’ith na heascúin an súgán agus do phreab an corp go barr an uisce i gceann cúpla lá. Duine des na Buachaillí Bána ó Ghort a’Phludaigh a chabhraigh le Séamus Mór chun an corp a chur sa pholl a fuair amach go raibh an corp tagtha go barr uisce. Is amhlaidh a bhí garsún óg aige chun aire a thabhairt dos na ba agus bhíodh gabhar bán leis na ba i gcónaí. Tráthnóna amháin níor tháinig an gabhar abhaile, agus chuaigh an garsún á lorg. Chonaic sé an corp bán sa pholl portaigh agus cheap sé gurbh é an gabhar é agus d’inis sé do fhear an tighe é. Thuig sé sin go maith gurbh é corp an tsaighdiúra a bhí sa pholl.
D’éirigh sé le breacadh an lae agus bhí beartaithe aige dul go dtí an muing chun an corp a chur fé uisce, i dtreo is ná éireodh sé go brách arís, ach is amhlaidh a bhí an clós lán de shaighdiúirí.

Bhí an spiaire tar éis a chuid droch oibre a dhéanamh go héifeachtach. Tadhg Bréidí ab ainm don spiaire seo agus bhí sé pósta le h-iníon Máire Bhuidhe Ní Laoghaire, dhein sé teangmháil leis an mBarrach Mór i gCill Barra, agus thug an Barrach mála cruithneachtan dó mar bhreib i dtaobh a chuid scéalaíochta. Pé scéal é bhí an t-eolas go léir ag na saighdiúirí agus nuair a tháinig an Barrach Mór féin lá ar na mhárach, ní bheadh sé sásta éinne eile a fháil chun an corp a thógaint as a’ bpoll ach na Búrcaigh, beirt clainne le Máire Bhuidhe. Bhí cómhra acu, ach do chaith mná na h-áite bairlíní a thabhairt dóibh. Do thógadar John Smith leo agus do chuireadar thoir i reilg Inse Geimhleach é agus tá sé ann fós D’éalaigh Séamus Mór go Sasana agus bhí sé ar a theithe ar feadh blianta fada ach sin scéal eile ar fad.

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The Ballingeary Historical Society and the Bantry Historical Society erected a Monument in 1998 commemorating those who died at and after the Battle of Keimaneigh.
Below is an account of how and why they went about this.

The Battle of Keimaneigh Monument. 1998

Anyone passing through the Pass of Keimaneigh between Ballingeary and Kealkil recently will have noticed the new Monument. As you travel West towards Kealkil it stands beside the road in a small cutting to your left as you approach the top of the hill.

This Monument is the joint effort of the Ballingeary Historical Society and the Bantry Historical Society, and the members of both Organisations have been working for several years to bring it to fruition. (more…)

Luíochán Cúl na Cathrach

Saturday, March 25th, 2006


Bhi comoradh 85 bliain i gcuimhne ar luíochán Cúl na Cathrach, ag an láthair, ar an 5ú lá do mí Márta seo caite.

Seo cuntas gairid ar a tharla an lá sin, an 25ú lá do mí Feabhra 1921.


25 February, 1921

The Cúl na Cathrach Ambush was planned and carried out by the newly formed ‘Flying Column’ of the First Cork Brigade of the I.R.A..

The Brigade Headquarters had been transferred from Cork City to the local 8th battalion area which had its own active service column of about 30 volunteers armed with rifles and revovlers. These were reinforced by up to 15 men from the Cork City battalions and by the nearby column of the 7th or Macroom battalion.

Intense training took place during the months of January and February 1921. The ambush positions were occupied for several days before the enemy finally arrived.

The British may have been forewarned or may have spotted some movement because they drove very slowly into the ambush position with four civilian hostages walking in front of the lead touring car. They also stopped and sent a couple of men up to the rocks for a look. Two local volunteers who were positioned nearest to the road as a result of their being armed only with shotguns were forced to open fire on them, at this point the battle commenced.

Unfortunately the convoy of lorries had not fully advanced into the ambush position. The result was only the men in the eastern positions were able to engage the enemy together with the Lewis machine gun on the western side.

The Lewis gunner at the eastern end, who was in the best position to inflict damage, abandoned his post and fled while the last in the convoy of enemy lorries managed to turn about and escaped towards Macroom.

The survivors of the leading lorries were gradually driven into the cover of the two cottages. The occupants of the lorries to the rear tried an encircling manouvre to the south but were driven back by the Macroom men who had moved east to engage them after the battle had commenced.

After about 3 hours fighting the enemy the survivors had been completely hemmed into to the two cottages. The I.R.A. on the north side had re-positioned for a final assault when a huge column of enemy lorries approached from the east.

The I.R.A. had little choice but to disengage and withdraw after 4 hours of battle.

Cath Chéim an Fhia

Wednesday, March 22nd, 2006

Cath Chéim an Fhia

Someone recently asked me for information on Chéim an Fhia and Cath Chéim an Fhia. I came across this fairly compressive account of Cath Chéim an Fhia by Donnchadh ó LuasaighBéal Atha’n Ghaorthaidh on the Ballingeary and Inchigeela local history website.

Trátha an ama seo, 175 bliain ó shin, a buaileadh Cath Chéim an Fhia. I gcuimhne na hocáide, ba mhaith liom cúlra an scéil agus cúrsaí an chatha, mar a tuigtear domhsa iad, a ríomh arís.

Snáth is ea an scéal seo sa ghréasán leathan den chos-ar-bholg atá de shíor á imirt ar an dtionónta, ar an gCaitliceach, ar an náisiúnaí, ar an duine bocht, ar an nGael ag an nGall riamh ó theip ar chóras na dTaoiseach tar éis Chinn tSáile go dtí ár n-am féin.

Tar éis na hAondachta, bhí na daoine seo ina suí go teann, an córas leo agus iad á oibriú go hinnealta. Bhí an iliomad saghas éagóra á imirt ar ‘Thadhg’, ach b’é an ceann ba mheasa leis ná ceist na ndeachmhaithe. Do réir córais an ama bhíodh ar an dtionónta (i.e. an Caitliceach agus rl.) an deichiú chuid dá theacht isteach a dhíol chun na hEaglaise Ghallda a choiméad i mbarr maitheasa.

Mar seo a d’oibríodh an córas. I rith an fhómhair thagadh meastóir timpeall agus dheineadh sé iniúchadh ar na barraí go léir a bhí ag an dtionónta. Ar fheabhas na mbarra a dheintí an teacht isteach a mheas. Dá mbeadh toradh an tailimh go maith bheadh an deachú árd. Thairis sin, dá ráineodh go mbeadh col ag an meastóir leis an dtionónta bocht bí cinnte go mbeadh an deachú ní ba airde ná an ceart. In airde ar seo, bhíodh ar dhuine eigin an meastóir féin a dhíol agus ina theannta sin arís bhí díolaíocht ag dul do fhear bailithe an airgid. Leagtaí cuid d’ualach an tuarastail seo ar gach ceann teaghlaigh agus bhíodh an cháin sin le díol i dteannta na ndeachmhuithe.

Faoi dheireadh thiar thall d’éirigh daoine amach i gcoinne an chórais seo in áiteanna éagsúla ar fud na tíre. Ní raibh pobal Uíbh Laoire chun deiridh. An ‘Captaen Rock’, a bhí ina chónaí ar Charraig Fharraire i gCill Mhuire, a ghríosaigh chuige iad. Thiomsaigh sé siúd roinnt mhaith fear agus dhein iad a chur fé mhóid a bheith dílis dó.